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EU lawmakers are due to deliberate on how artificial intelligence (AI) systems should be classified in terms of the actual or potential risks they pose under the auspices of the new AI Act. The AI Act is a flagship EU proposal to regulate AI technology based on its potential risks. At the proposal’s core is the high-risk category, which implies stricter requirements in terms of robustness and risk management on the side of the AI developer. The MEPs involved in the file will discuss this critical aspect of the proposal at a political meeting on Wednesday (1 February). According to an agenda obtained by EURACTIV, the provision defining the AI risk classification process will be at the centre of the debate.
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The Nigeria Data Protection Bureau (NDPB) said that it has identified a wide gap in the country’s data protection needs. According to the Bureau, Nigeria needs over 500,000 data processors and controllers but currently has about 10,000. The National Commissioner of the NDPB, Dr Vincent Olatunji, who disclosed during a capacity-building workshop for data protection officers in the public sector, said the 490,000 jobs gaps have to be filled urgently.
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We’re launching a classifier trained to distinguish between AI-written and human-written text.
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It’s well established that the European Union has some of the strictest privacy laws in the world, threatening fines of up to 4% of a company’s annual turnover. A lesser-known fact, and one which large tech firms would like to keep quiet, is that the EU hasn’t enforced those rules very strictly.
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Following action by the Irish Council for Civil Liberties (ICCL), the European Commission will start regularly checking the progress of all “large-scale” GDPR cases across the EU. ICCL has previously criticised the lack of GDPR enforcement against Big Tech, and the European Commission’s failure to monitor how the GDPR is applied. The European Commission [has now committed](https://www.iccl.ie/wp-content/uploads/2023/01/FOLLOW_UP_202200097_20230124_122005.pdf) to examining every large-scale GDPR case, everywhere in Europe. It will measure how long each procedural step in a case is taking, and what the relevant data protection authorities are doing to progress the case. The Commission will do this six times per year.
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The Russian government has blocked another encrypted email provider, according to a Russian digital rights organization and the email provider. Last Wednesday, Roskomsvoboda, which describes itself as “the first Russian public organization active in the field of protecting digital rights and expanding digital opportunities,” [reported](https://roskomsvoboda.org/post/block-skiff/) that an unknown Russian state organization ordered the block of [Skiff](https://www.skiff.com/), an email and cloud service provider [launched last year](https://techcrunch.com/2022/03/30/skiff-series-a-encrypted-workspaces/). Since then, Skiff’s chief executive Andrew Milich shared evidence of the block with TechCrunch.
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The Nigeria Data Protection Bureau (NDPB) said it has launched an investigation into allegations of data breach by Zenith Bank and Guaranty Trust Bank. The Head of Legal Enforcement and Regulations of NDPB, Mr. Babatunde Bamigboye, said the investigations were triggered by allegations of unlawful disclosure of banking records to a third party, unlawful access, and processing of personal data.
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Shoshana Zuboff: ‘Privacy has been extinguished. It is now a zombie’
The professor who predicted that computers would change our lives demands a right to sanctuary from data ‘theft’
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**Through the looking glass: Sometimes unfortunate or sometimes deadly incidents involving self-driving cars happen. However, recent occurrences with autonomous vehicles in San Francisco have been downright bizarre. Not only does the software controlling the cars struggle to negotiate the real world, but companies and authorities are still learning about how humans behave around self-driving vehicles.** Recent formal complaints to California regulators reveal strange incidents that have occurred since fully-autonomous taxis started operating in San Francisco and Los Angeles. The cases mainly involve robotaxis disrupting first responders or otherwise wasting their time. ...
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(Reuters) - Microsoft Corp, Microsoft's GitHub Inc and OpenAI Inc told a San Francisco federal court that a proposed class-action lawsuit for improperly monetizing open-source code to train their artificial-intelligence systems cannot be sustained. The companies said in Thursday [court filings](https://tmsnrt.rs/3kDVJFo) that the complaint, filed by a group of anonymous copyright owners, did not outline their allegations specifically enough and that GitHub's Copilot system, which suggests lines of code for programmers, made fair use of the source code.
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Happy Data Privacy Day! Yes, it's a completely made-up holiday, but it's as good a time as any to take a hard look at your online life and shore up your efforts to protect your personal digital privacy. The annual occasion, feted by cybersecurity and digital privacy enthusiasts around the world, began in the US and Canada back in 2008. It's an extension of a European commemoration marking 1981's [Convention 108](https://www.coe.int/en/web/data-protection/convention108-and-protocol#link=%7B%22role%22:%22standard%22,%22href%22:%22https://www.coe.int/en/web/data-protection/convention108-and-protocol%22,%22target%22:%22%22,%22absolute%22:%22%22,%22linkText%22:%22Convention%20108%22%7D), the first legally binding international treaty on protecting privacy and data.
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As generative AI enters the mainstream, each new day brings a new lawsuit. Microsoft, GitHub and OpenAI are currently being [sued](https://www.theverge.com/2022/11/8/23446821/microsoft-openai-github-copilot-class-action-lawsuit-ai-copyright-violation-training-data) in a [class action motion](https://www.theverge.com/2022/11/8/23446821/microsoft-openai-github-copilot-class-action-lawsuit-ai-copyright-violation-training-data) that accuses them of violating copyright law by allowing Copilot, a code-generating AI system trained on billions of lines of public code, to regurgitate licensed code snippets without providing credit.
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The European Union and the United States of America strengthen cooperation on research in Artificial Intelligence and computing for the Public Good
The United States Department of State and the Directorate-General for Communications Networks, Content and Technology (DG CONNECT) of the European Commission signed an “Administrative Arrangement on Artificial Intelligence for the Public Good” at a virtual ceremony held simultaneously on 27 January 2023 at the White House in Washington DC and in DG CONNECT, Brussels.
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Protecting Data: Can we Engineer Data Sharing?
To celebrate the European Data Protection Day on 28 January 2023, ENISA publishes today its report on how cybersecurity technologies and techniques can support the implementation of the [General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)](https://eur-lex.europa.eu/EN/legal-content/summary/general-data-protection-regulation-gdpr.html) principles when sharing personal data.
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Engineering Personal Data Sharing
This report attempts to look closer at specific use cases relating to personal data sharing, primarily in the health sector, and discusses how specific technologies and considerations of implementation can support the meeting of specific data protection. After discussing some challenges in (personal) data sharing, this report demonstrates how to engineer specific technologies and techniques in order to enable privacy preserving data sharing. More specifically it discusses specific use cases for sharing data in the health sector, with the aim of demonstrating how data protection principles can be met through the proper use of technological solutions relying on advanced cryptographic techniques. Next it discusses data sharing that takes place as part of another process or service, where the data is processed through some secondary channel or entity before reaching its primary recipient. Lastly, it identifies challenges, considerations and possible architectural solutions on intervenability aspects (such as the right to erasure and the right to rectification when sharing data).
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Data Protection Day 2023
On the occasion of Data Protection Day, we invite you to take a look back at GDPR enforcement over the last few years and explore how the EDPB helps all EEA DPAs act as one to safeguard your rights, today and tomorrow. Join us to see how European data protection authorities (DPAs) work together to make sure that your data protection rights are protected and that the companies handling your data are held accountable.
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**SearXNG è un motore di meta-ricerca.** Abbiamo già descritto SearXNG nell’articolo intitolato “[**Sei consapevole dell’impatto sulla privacy delle ricerche online e quindi della giusta scelta del motore di ricerca? (aggiornato)**](https://notes.nicfab.it/en/posts/privatesearchengine/)” relativo ai motori di ricerca o meta-motore di ricerca che rispettano la privacy. Riportiamo di seguito, da quell’articolo, alcune informazioni su SearXNG.
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**SearXNG is a meta-search engine.** We already described SearXNG in the article entitled “[**Are you aware of the privacy impact of online searches and thus the right choice of search engine? (updated)**](https://notes.nicfab.it/en/posts/privatesearchengine/)” related to the search engines or meta-search engines which respect privacy. We recall below, from that article, some information about SearXNG.
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On 28 January each year, member states of the Council of Europe and EU institutions celebrate Data Protection Day. It marks the anniversary of the Council of Europe’s data protection convention, known as “Convention 108”. It was the first binding international law concerning individuals’ rights to the protection of their personal data. [Watch](https://edps.europa.eu/press-publications/press-news/videos/data-protection-day-2023_en) the European Data Protection Supervisor's video to mark Data Protection Day 2023.\ [Read](https://www.euractiv.com/section/all/opinion/it-is-time-to-tear-down-this-wall/) the op-ed by Wojciech Wiewiórowski published in Euractiv.
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**From the EDPS website** All European Union (EU) institutions, bodies, offices and agencies (EUIs) process personal data in their day-to-day work. Discover more about your rights.
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The CNIL creates an Artificial Intelligence Department and begins to work on learning databases
# Creation of an Artificial Intelligence Department (AID) Five CNIL’s agents will work in the Artificial Intelligence Department, including lawyers and specialized engineers. This department will be attached to the CNIL's Technology and Innovation Directorate, whose director, Bertrand PAILHES, was previously the national coordinator for the Artificial Intelligence strategy in the French Interministerial Directorate of Digital and Information Systems of the State.
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https://anshutechy.com/best-torrent-search-engines/
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Cookie consent banners that use blatant design tricks to try to manipulate web users into agreeing to hand over their data for behavioral advertising, instead of giving people a free and fair choice to refuse this kind of creepy tracking, are facing a coordinated pushback from the European Union’s data protection regulators. A taskforce of several DPAs, led by France’s CNIL along with Austria’s authority, has spent many months on a piece of joint-work analyzing cookie banners. And in a [report](https://edpb.europa.eu/system/files/2023-01/edpb_20230118_report_cookie_banner_taskforce_en.pdf) published this week they’ve arrived at some consensus on how to approach complaints about certain types of cookie consent dark patterns in their respective jurisdictions — a development that looks set to make it harder for deceptive designs to fly around the EU.
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La nuova convenzione internazionale sul crimine informatico a cui l'Onu sta lavorando si è rivelata un terreno più insidioso del previsto. Perché quello che sulla carta è nato come un trattato universale per rafforzare le difese e la prevenzione contro la criminalità cyber, secondo una [risoluzione delle Nazioni Unite del 26 maggio 2021](https://documents-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N21/133/51/PDF/N2113351.pdf?OpenElement), si sta trasformando in un assalto alla diligenza dei diritti su internet. Lo dimostrano alcune delle proposte presentate a Vienna, dove si chiude il 20 gennaio la quarta sessione del comitato dell'Onu incaricato di scrivere una bozza del trattato, che dovrebbe arrivare sui banchi dell'assemblea generale nel 2024.
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[Twitterrific](https://twitterrific.com/beyond), one of the most iconic third-party Twitter clients, said today that it has removed the iOS and Mac apps from the App Store. Iconfactory, the company that made Twitterrific, said in a [blog post](https://blog.iconfactory.com/2023/01/twitterrific-end-of-an-era/) that under Elon Musk’s management, the social media network has become “a Twitter that we no longer recognize as trustworthy nor want to work with any longer.” The app has had a rich association with Twitter. It was one of the first mobile and desktop clients for the platform, and it helped form the [word “Tweet”](https://furbo.org/2013/06/28/the-origin-of-tweet/). In fact, Twitterrific was built back in 2007 — even before Twitter made its own iOS app. Twitterrific’s demise comes after Twitter intentionally [started blocking third-party clients last Friday](https://techcrunch.com/2023/01/16/twitters-third-party-client-issue-is-seemingly-a-deliberate-suspension/) without any explanation. Earlier this week, the TwitterDev account posted that the company had been suspending these apps in breach of “its longstanding API rules.” But it didn’t specify what rules were broken.
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After [cutting off](https://techcrunch.com/2023/01/16/twitters-third-party-client-issue-is-seemingly-a-deliberate-suspension/) prominent app makers like Tweetbot and Twitterific, Twitter today quietly updated its developer terms to ban third-party clients altogether. [Spotted](https://www.engadget.com/twitter-new-developer-terms-ban-third-party-clients-211247096.html?src=rss) by Engadget, the “restrictions” section of Twitter’s 5,000-some-word [developer agreement](https://developer.twitter.com/en/developer-terms/agreement) was updated with a clause prohibiting “use or access the Licensed Materials to create or attempt to create a substitute or similar service or product to the Twitter Applications.” Earlier this week, Twitter said that it was “enforcing long-standing API rules” in disallowing clients access to its platform but didn’t cite which specific rules developers were violating. Now we know — retroactively.
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Another bill has come in for Meta for failing to comply with the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) — but this one’s a tiddler! Meta-owned messaging platform, WhatsApp, has been fined €5.5 million (just under $6M) by the tech giant’s lead data protection regulator in the region for failing to have a lawful basis for certain types of personal data processing. Back in December, Meta’s chief regulator, the Irish Data Protection Commission (DPC), was given orders to issue a final decision on this complaint (which dates back to May 2018) — via a binding decision from the European Data Protection Board (EDPB) — along with two other complaints, against Facebook and Instagram.
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PayPal is sending out data breach notifications to thousands of users who had their accounts accessed through credential stuffing attacks that exposed some personal data. Credential stuffing are attacks where hackers attempt to access an account by trying out username and password pairs sourced from data leaks on various websites. This type of attack relies on an automated approach with bots running lists of credentials to "stuff" into login portals for various services. Credential stuffing targets users that employ the same password for multiple online accounts, which is known as "password recycling." *** credits @avoidthehack@mastodon.social
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EDPB determines privacy recommendations for use of cloud services by public sector & adopts report on Cookie Banner Task Force
Brussels, 18 January - Commissioner for Justice Didier Reynders participated in the Plenary meeting. He presented the draft adequacy decision for the EU-U.S. Data Privacy Framework to the Board and had an exchange of views with its Members. The Board is currently working on its opinion on the draft decision, which will be finalised in the coming weeks. The EDPB has adopted a report on the findings of its first coordinated enforcement action, which focused on the use of cloud-based services by the public sector. The EDPB underlines the need for public bodies to act in full compliance with the GDPR and includes recommendations for public sector organisations when using cloud-based products or services. In addition, a list of actions already taken by data protection authorities (DPAs) in the field of cloud computing is made available.
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The Data Protection Commission (DPC) has fined WhatsApp Ireland an additional €5.5 million over breaches of Europe’s data protection framework and substantively revised its original ruling under instruction from Europe’s overarching privacy regulator. On Thursday, the DPC – Meta and its platforms’ main supervisory authority in Europe – announced it has adopted a binding resolution of the European Data Protection Board (EDPB). The board found that contrary to the DPC’s original 2021 ruling, WhatsApp is not entitled to rely on the legal basis it currently use to justify data collection within the European Union.
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19th January 2023 The Data Protection Commission (“DPC”) has today announced the conclusion of an inquiry into the processing carried out by WhatsApp Ireland Limited (“WhatsApp Ireland”) in connection with the delivery of its WhatsApp service, in which it has fined WhatsApp Ireland €5.5 million (for breaches of the GDPR relating to its service). WhatsApp Ireland has also been directed to bring its data processing operations into compliance within a period of six months.
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# La nostra indagine Il nostro obiettivo è di valutare se la direttiva in esame coinvolga anche soggetti privati i quali abbiano deciso di mettere volontariamente e gratuitamente a disposizione di chiunque servizi online. In sostanza, ci proponiamo di approfondire se la direttiva NIS 2 si applichi anche a privati (persone fisiche, giuridiche, associazioni, fondazioni) che, dai server che amministrano, espongano pubblicamente su Internet servizi (o determinati servizi) gratuitamente, rendendoli così fruibili a chiunque ne abbia interesse. Sono esclusi dalla presente indagine i soggetti che siano qualificabili come impresa nelle diverse configurazioni (piccola, media e grande), così ogni altro soggetto che svolga le attività individuate dalla direttiva NIS 2 a scopo di lucro.
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# Our investigation Our objective is to assess whether this directive involves private entities that have decided to voluntarily and freely make online services available to anyone. In essence, we propose to investigate whether the NIS 2 directive also applies to private individuals (natural persons, legal entities, associations, foundations) who, from the servers they administer, publicly expose services (or specific services) on the Internet free of charge, thus making them available to anyone with interest. Excluded from this survey are entities that qualify as businesses in their configurations (small, medium, and large), so any other entity that carries out the activities identified in the NIS 2 directive for profit.
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Thousands of Norton LifeLock customers had their accounts compromised in recent weeks, potentially allowing criminal hackers access to customer password managers, the company revealed in a recent data breach notice.
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New stronger rules start to apply for the cyber and physical resilience of critical entities and networks
Today, two key directives on critical and digital infrastructure will enter into force and will strengthen the EU's resilience against online and offline threats, from cyberattacks to crime, risks to public health or natural disasters image of people working on screens in a computer centre Recent threats to the EU's critical infrastructure have attempted to undermine our collective security. Already in 2020, the Commission had proposed a significant upgrade to the EU's rules on the resilience of critical entities and the security of network and information systems. The 2 Directives entering into force are: * [Directive on measures for a high common level of cybersecurity across the Union (NIS 2 Directive)](https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/dir/2022/2555) * [Directive on the resilience of critical entities (CER Directive)](https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/dir/2022/2557/oj) The NIS 2 Directive will ensure a safer and stronger Europe by significantly expanding the sectors and type of critical entities falling under its scope. These include providers of public electronic communications networks and services, data centre services, wastewater and waste management, manufacturing of critical products, postal and courier services and public administration entities, as well as the healthcare sector more broadly. Furthermore, it will strengthen the cybersecurity risk management requirements that companies are obliged to comply with, as well as streamline incident reporting obligations with more precise provisions on reporting, content and timeline. The NIS2 Directive replaces the [rules on the security of network and information systems](https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=uriserv:OJ.L_.2016.194.01.0001.01.ENG&toc=OJ:L:2016:194:TOC), the first EU-wide legislation on cybersecurity.
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Next month, AI will enter the courtroom, and the US legal system may never be the same. An artificial intelligence chatbot, technology programmed to respond to questions and hold a conversation, is expected to advise two individuals fighting speeding tickets in courtrooms in undisclosed cities. The two will wear a wireless headphone, which will relay what the judge says to the chatbot being run by DoNotPay, a company that typically helps people fight traffic tickets through the mail. The headphone will then play the chatbot's suggested responses to the judge's questions, which the individuals can then choose to repeat in court.
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**Over the past 30 years the single market has brought unity and opportunities to Europeans. MEPs believe it has to be adapted further to respond to current challenges.** During the plenary session in mid-January the European Parliament will look at how the single market has transformed Europe since its launch in 1993 and what else should be done to make full use of its potential.
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Homebrew è arcinoto e va considerato un “must have”, tanto che ne abbiamo già parlato più volte su questo taccuino digitale ma solo incidentalmente per descrivere alcuni comandi. Homebrew è un gestore di pacchetti open source scritto in Ruby (su GitHub) che consente l’installazione di quelli mancanti nel sistema operativo di Apple (o Linux).
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Homebrew is well known and should be considered a “must have”, so much so that we have already mentioned it several times on this digital notebook but only incidentally to describe some commands. Homebrew is an open-source package manager written in Ruby (on GitHub) that allows the installation of packages missing from Apple’s operating system (or Linux).
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Il sapore della privacy al tempo di Apple
Quando Apple presenta le nuove generazioni dei suoi processori, che adesso muovono praticamente tutti i prodotti di Apple, viene sempre evidenziato il ruolo dei “core”, i nuclei di calcolo. Prendiamo ad esempio il SOC A16 Bionic usato sui nuovi iPhone 14 Pro e Pro Max. Costruito da TSMC con il processo di produzione N4 (cioè a 5 nanometri), lo A16 Bionic è un SOC con un processore a 64 bit e sei nuclei di calcolo basato su Armv8.6-A. Due nuclei di calcolo “Everest” a 3.46 GHZ per la maggiore performance e quattro “Sawtooth” a 2.02 GHz per l’efficienza. Ha una GPU integrata con cinque nuclei che portano il tutto a un totale di 16 miliardi di transistor. Ma ha anche integrato un Neural Engine con sedici nuclei di calcolo capace di 17mila miliardi di operazioni al secondo (17 Tops). *** #privacy #apple
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    Welcome to the NicFab Community Lemmy instance!
    Please be kind.
    All communities in this space should be at least related to Privacy and innovation.

    This is a community space for projects and users interested in privacy, data protection, cybersecurity, and innovative solutions.

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    Tutte le comunità in questo spazio dovrebbero essere almeno legate alla privacy e all’innovazione.

    Questo è uno spazio comune per progetti e utenti interessati alla privacy, alla protezione dei dati, alla cybersecurity e alle soluzioni innovative.

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    Puoi trovare questa community anche su Matrix clicando qui.

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    Privacy Community
    This is a community space for projects and users interested in privacy, data protection, cybersecurity, and innovative solutions.

    Welcome!

    Welcome to the NicFab Community Lemmy instance!
    Please be kind.
    All communities in this space should be at least related to Privacy and innovation.

    Matrix Space

    We are also on Matrix Space by clicking here.

    Privacy Policy

    Here you can find our Privacy Policy.

    Code of Conduct

    Please abide by the code of conduct.

    To report a CoC violation, message one of the admins.


    Benvenuto!

    Benvenuto nella instanza Lemmy NicFab Community!
    Vi invitiamo ad essere gentili.
    Tutte le comunità in questo spazio dovrebbero essere almeno legate alla privacy e all’innovazione.

    Questo è uno spazio comune per progetti e utenti interessati alla privacy, alla protezione dei dati e alle soluzioni innovative.

    Matrix Space

    Siamo anche su Matrix Space clicando qui.

    Informativa Privacy

    Qui puoi trovare la nostra Informativa sulla privacy.

    Codice di condotta

    Siete invitati a rispettare il codice di condotta.

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